Samizdat (self-published, in Russian) was a grassroots strategy to evade officially imposed censorship in the Soviet-bloc countries wherein people clandestinely copied and distributed government-suppressed literature or other media. The idea was that copies were made a few at a time, and anyone who had a copy and access to any sort of copying equipment was encouraged to make more copies.Join us on the earlobes of giants. Let's get whispering!
The term was coined in an analogy with the names of Soviet publishing houses, such as Politizdat (Politicheskoe izdatelstvo, State Publishing House of Political Literature), Detizdat (literature for children), etc.
Etymologically, the word "samizdat" is made out of "sam" ("self") and "izdat" ("publisher").
Essentially, the samizdat copies of text were passed from one person to another. The techniques used to print the forbidden literature and newspapers varied from copying the content by hand in several copies using carbon paper to printing the books on semi-professional printing presses in large quantities. Before Glasnost, the practice was dangerous, since copy machines, printing presses and even typewriters in offices were under control of the First Departments (KGB outposts): for all of them reference printouts were stored for identification purposes.
Even today there are writers who publish in samizdat, for example Jan Galka.
In Poland during the 1970s and 1980s several books (sometimes as long as 500 pages) were printed in quantities often exceeding 5000 copies.
Friday, June 24, 2005
The Earlobes Of Giants
from the Wikipedia
File under: USSR